Tobacco use is high in Romania, with nearly 5 million adults (27%) smoking tobacco products. Men are more than twice as likely to smoke as women, with smoking prevalence among men at 37.4% as compared to 16.7% among women. However, the gender gap has diminished over time, with smoking prevalence doubling among women in the post-communist years, and decreasing slightly in the recent years. While the overall rates of smoking have declined in recent years, still more than 1 in 4 adults smoke daily, and nearly all smokers consuming manufactured cigarettes.
Published in November 2016 by The University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş, this report outlines the Romanian Tobacco Growing and Manufacturing, Tobacco Control Efforts, Tobacco Taxes, Prices and Demand and the Impact of tax increases on public health and tax revenues. It presents recommendations for action on each of these areas, which will strengthen tobacco control measures and decrease smoking prevalence in Romania.